Publications & Research

Soybeanbus copyBiofuels

 EcoFuels Business Plan  A business plan for EcoFuels, LLC that focused on the conversion of commercial and industrial heating and power generation equipment to run on processed waste vegetable oil.

Biodiesel – The Many Uses for this Alternative Fuel published in Food  for Thought, the newsletter of the Brattleboro Food Cooperative, April, 2005.

What the Heck Is All This Talk About Biodiesel? published in The Original Vermont Observer, March 23rd, 2005.

•  “The Good, the Bad and the Biodiesel” published in the Vermont weekly newspaper The Guardian, March 18, 2005.

•  Proposal for a Biodiesel Production Facility in the Pioneer Valley primary author and editor of a white paper to U.S. Congressman John Olver for a $1,200,000 appropriation from the U.S. Congress’ Water and Energy Committee.  November, 2002.  11 pages.

Ecological Design

 • A Green YMCA

Ecological Playgrounds

Canal St. Playground Proposal

Hilltop Natural Playscape Design Report

Regenerative Economics

Proposal for an Ecological Technology Research, Development and Business Incubation Center   Testimony given by Tad Montgomery before the Vermont Senate Committee on Economic Development.  The proposed Center would not only research and develop technologies and systems, but also have a strong entrepreneurial component dedicated to bringing ecologically-based green businesses to fruition.  Seven specific areas of focus were:  Agroforestry – Making Vermont’s forests much more healthy and productive by expanding the range of products that are grown in them.   Biochar – A new technology for converting agricultural and forestry waste into a soil amendment in a manner that can reverse global warming.   Myco-Remediation – Developing techniques to bio-remediate brownfields using specialized strains of fungus.   Regenerative Agriculture – New paradigms in agriculture that build soil and increase the nutrient density of food.   Energy Amplification – A new energy production technology that converts high-level radioactive waste, i.e. spent fuel rods from conventional nuclear power plants, into inert substances.  Building Energy Conservation – Developing the practice of ‘deep energy retrofits’ to grow it substantially and help it to become much more cost effective for building owners and contractors.  April, 2012.  10 pages.

Economics I: Regional renaissance: getting the best from business, non-profit and government journalistic article for the 2012 Slow living Summit, a national conference on sustainable and regenerative forms of economics, agriculture, education and business.    May, 2012.

 • Ownership: Building to Last – ownership and governance for sustainability journalistic article for the 2012 Slow living Summit, a national conference on sustainable and regenerative forms of economics, agriculture, education and business.   June, 2012.

Economics II: Steady-state economics: possibility or pipe dream? Rethinking scarcity and growth; redefining economic success in terms of sustainability and resilience journalistic article for the 2012 Slow living Summit, a national conference on sustainable and regenerative forms of agriculture, economics, education and business.  June, 2012.

•  Investing: Putting our money where our mouths are journalistic article for the 2012 Slow living Summit, a national conference on sustainable and regenerative forms of agriculture, economics, education and business.  May, 2012.

Renewable Energy & Conservation

Vermont Energy Amplifier

Energy Amplifier – Nuclear Proliferation Resistance

Energy Amplifier – Talking Points

Energy Amplifier – White Paper

Marlboro College Renewable Energy Feasibility Study

Marlboro Science Center Energy Report

Sustainable Agriculture & Permaculture

FW Farms 1

Fair Winds Farm

 For samples of our writing and work on permaculture, see the web site of the Brattleboro Permaculture Guild.

• The Real Food Campaign Farm Research Project – Manual Background documentation for on-farm research with a focus on the growing of nutrient dense crops.  2010.  20 pages.

• The Real Food Campaign Farm Research Project – Instructions  Written to instruct farmers and gardeners in how to undertake a rigorous level of research with the Real Food Campaign’s nutrient density research project.  Its purpose is to explain the methods and protocols necessary to set up a research trial, carry it out, and collect data on nutrient dense growing practices. 2010.  6 pages.

Water, Waste & Remediation

Abby Rockefeller's Greywater Greenhouse

Abby Rockefeller’s Greywater Greenhouse

Mycology-Based Remediation: Supplemental Option for a Corrective Action Plan

New Alchemy Institute Technical Bulletin #6 — Ecological Wastewater

Gray Water Treatment – A Review of Literature, Codes & Technologies

Constructed Wetlands Fact Sheet

Big Cypress Composting Facility — Design & Operating Manual

Small Composting Toilet Fact Sheet

Small & Hybrid Compost Toilets, Gray Water, Constructed Wetlands Info Sheet

Forest Moon Cancer Survivors Center: Constructed Wetland System Design Manual

• “Natural Systems for the Treatment of Wastewater article commissioned by the Sanitation Working Group of the Global Collaborative for Water Supply and Sanitation.  1997.  12 pages.

• “Ecological Wastewater Treatment Systems, A Manuala publication helping to address the water supply and sanitation crises in the 3rd world.  Features the use of waterless (composting) toilets and graywater treatment and reuse strategies.  Pub. by Espacio de Salud in Cuernavaca, Mexico.  Originally published in Spanish under the title “Manual De Sanitarios Composteros Y Del Manejo De Aguas Grises.”  1997.  16 pages.

• “Request for Proposals — Long and Short-Term Sludge Treatment and Disposal for Franklin County, Massachusetts  Primary author of a solicitation of proposals for treatment and disposal of sewage sludge from 10 towns in Franklin County, Massachusetts.  This RFP was the initial phase towards the development of a regional sludge treatment facility in the county. 1996. 300 pages.

• “Constructed Wetlands – Economic Approaches to Wastewater Treatmentarticle on the beneficial use of aquatic plant species in non-pathogenic wastewater treatment, pub. in the Permaculture Activist, #32.  1995.  Two pages.

• “What Happens After We Flush?” Franklin County Progressive Newsletter, an expository article on western civilization’s treatment of human waste.  1992.  Four pages.

• “Beneficial Use of Sewage Sludge cover article in Environmental Decisions – Journal of Waste Management, Water Treatment and Air Quality News for Local Government Leaders.  Five pages.  Also published in Soil Remineralization Quarterly.  Commis­sioned article on the N-Viro process of alkaline stabilization of sewage sludge.  1991.  Seven pages.

• “On-Site Wastewater Treatment Systems: A Program to Define the Trade-Off Between Cost, Maintenance and Environmental Damage  Masters thesis, Humboldt State University.  Included an interactive software program that was implemented on a personal computer with graphics.  The purpose of the project was to assist a user in the design of ecological household wastewater treatment systems while factoring in the conflicting constraints of cost, maintenance, codes, health issues and environmental effects.  1989.  170 pages.

• “The Billion Dollar Boondogglearticle published in the New Alchemy Quarterly describing the costs and shortfalls of centralized wastewater treatment.  1989.  Two pages.

• “On-Site Gray Water Treatment Using an Artificial Marsh  Research report for a small constructed wetland used for the treatment of household graywater, focusing on reductions in biological oxygen demand and suspended solids.  Graduate level research at Humboldt State University.  1988.  18 pages.

“On-Site Wastewater Disposal Techniques – An Overview” manual written for the organizations Save The River! on the St. Lawrence River and The New Alchemy Institute on Cape Cod, Massachusetts.  1986.  80 pages.


• “The Dawn of a New Don River The Local Economist,  Newsletter of the ‘Our Local Economy’ project to develop sustainable economic systems in Toronto, Canada, Vol. 1, #1, May, 1994.  Two pages.

• “Small-Scale Hydropower Project Sequencing: Defining the Trade-Offs Between Minimized Cost and Minimized Environmental Damage  Graduate level research project for the Utah Power and Light Commission focusing on a dynamic programming application of systems’ optimization.  1989.  Seven pages.

• “Comprehensive Recycling Analysis for Tompkins County, NY  co-author of a report for Recourse Systems, Inc., on the feasibility of different solid waste recycling options.   1990.  70 pages.